The Braille System in the 21st Century
Focus :School Years
Topic: Access to Literacy
Our anniversary conference devoted to 50 years to the activity ICEVI,
passes per one year, when the world public recollects Louis Braille - the
founder of the universal system of reading and letter for the blind
people. In it to a year 150 years are executed from the date of it of
The name Louis Braille is known by millions blind people worldwide. The
system, created by him, is universal, most simple and most convenient and
consequently till now unsurpassed relief - dot system of the letter for
blind. They are books notes, mathematical and other denotations granting
to blind possibility to take possession by all values of spiritual culture
Unfortunately, we can state, that in the world the number of blind people
aware and using the Braille system is reduced. The engineering of
reading and letter blind on Brail is worse. The number of sighted people
aware of the given system is reducing. These questions repeatedly were
lifted on conferences ICEVI.
Invented more than 170 years back Braille system remains for a blind
irreplaceable means for derivation, professional work and familiarizing
with culture. It gives the invalids an opportunity of being independent.
In modern society, when life actively includes information and computer
technologies, the person should have optimum receptions of obtaining and
information processing. This question is even more urgent rises before
the blind people. Radio, television, dictaphones have also come in their
life. An active way of familiarizing blind to the book is the record of
the books on a recorder film.
The tempting perspective of distribution of reading machines and computers
for blind has caused opinion, that if they have all these things, the
books printed on Brail, will be not necessary, and therefore system of
Brail will lose the significance.
In this connection in the environment of the blind pupils, and adults the
tendencies to reduction of reading Brail literature were scheduled, that
conducts to aggravation of engineering of reading and letter on Brail,
aggravation their spelling and education. Even under condition of further
development of new technologies the necessity in use of the literature
printed on the system of Brail does not pass, as any derivation is not
possible without written language. And the person, who does not know how
to read and to write, is considered illiterate. Besides the knowledge of
Brail system is necessary not only for total blind, blind with residual
sight, but also partially sighted, the pathological process in which
visual system continues to develop and can result in practical or complete
blindness. Therefore learning has these Vision Impaired people to the
system of Brail huge preventive and rehabilitate significance, as enables
the most pupil to select after leaving school a method of obtaining of the
information with the purposes of adaptation in the environment of the
normally seeing people. The new information engineering for blind though
facilitates access to the printed documents, but cannot replace the
Braille system, and, on the contrary for mastering by computer
technologies blind should know the relief-dot font.
The computer technologies adapted for operation of the blind user assume
use by him of hearing and touching. The speech outprint, in connection
with insufficient perfection of speech synthesizers, frequently is
tiresome, and use Braille line similarly to read of the book printed with
the relief-dot font. Therefore knowledge of the system of Brail for
blind not only does not lose the significance with mastering of the
computer, and acquires still large urgency.
Thus, the learning remains to blind reading and letter on the system of
Brail urgent and in our modern society. >From here and problem of the
teachers, tutors and all people have the attitude to learning blind: to
promote distribution, use, learning to the system of Brail, issuing of the
literature by the relief-dot font.
And today making an anniversary ICEVI, and in further our operation it is
necessary to use the best efforts for promotion of the relies-dot system
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