Teacher Training Programs and Policies in Developed Countries

 

Several countries and professional organizations already have standards for preparing teachers of students with visual impairments.  When a country has the resources and infrastructure to develop degree programs for training teachers, we suggest consulting these websites.

 

 

AUSTRALIA

http://www.spevi.net/standards-elaborations/

http://www.spevi.net/spevi-principles-and-practice/

 

ENGLAND

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/mandatory-qualifications-specialist-teachers, in particular, https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/458649/VI_MQ_spec_Aug_2015_revised_FINAL.pdf  [The standards themselves are in the appendix.]

 

University of Birmingham:  http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/postgraduate/courses/distance/edu/vision-impairments.aspx

 

EUROPEAN UNION

Empowering Teachers To Promote Inclusive Education:   https://www.european-agency.org/publications/ereports/empowering-teachers-to-promote-inclusive-education

 

Further Educational Courses for Teachers Including Visually impaired Pupils:  http://www.sfs-schleswig.de/fluss/ [in four languages]

 

Profile of Inclusive Teachers:https://www.european-agency.org/sites/default/files/Profile-of-Inclusive-Teachers.pdf

 

Teacher Education for Inclusion Across Europe—Challenges and Opportunities:  https://www.european-agency.org/publications/ereports/te4i-challenges-and-opportunities/te4i-challenges-and-opportunities [multiple languages available]

 

Teacher Education for Inclusion:  Key policy messages:  https://www.european-agency.org/publications/flyers/teacher-education-for-inclusion-key-policy-messages

 

Teacher Education for Inclusion: International Literature Review:  https://www.european-agency.org/sites/default/files/te4i-international-literature-review_TE4I-Literature-Review.pdf

 

INDIA

The Rehabilitation Council of India (www.rehabcouncil.nic.in) is the Statutory Body for developing curricula for training of teachers, granting recognition to the training institutes and Universities that wish to run such training courses, and enrolling Special Educators on the Register for Rehabilitation Professionals. In India, it is mandatory for all training institutes, colleges and Universities to run only recognized courses, provide degrees with standard nomenclature, and to seek RCI approval before starting such training. The RCI has also introduced the system of running “Continuing Rehabilitation Education” courses for upgrading knowledge of special educators and other rehabilitation professionals.  Some useful sites for training teachers of students with visual impairments in India are:

 

Approved University Distance Education Courses: http://www.rehabcouncil.nic.in/forms/SubLINK2.aspx?lid=844

 

Approved University Regular Training Courses: http://www.rehabcouncil.nic.in/forms/SubLINK2.aspx?lid=847

 

Continuing Rehabilitation Education in deafblindness http://www.rehabcouncil.nic.in/writereaddata/Topics%20on%20Deafblindness.pdf

 

Course content for Diploma in Special Education (Visual Impairment): http://rehabcouncil.nic.in/writereaddata/D_Ed_Spl_Ed__VI%202014.pdf

 

Course content for B Ed Special Education: http://www.rehabcouncil.nic.in/writereaddata/B_Ed_Spl_Ed(2)(1).pdf

 

Course content for Diploma in Special Education (deafblindness): http://rehabcouncil.nic.in/writereaddata/deddb.pdf

 

Course content for M Ed Special Education: http://rehabcouncil.nic.in/writereaddata/M_Ed_Spl_Ed.pdf

 

THE INTERNATIONAL AGENCY FOR THE PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS

Low Vision Module for Ophthalmology Curriculum

Low Vision Module for Optometry Curriculum

Low Vision Curriculum for Teachers

Low Vision Curriculum for CBR workers

Low Vision Curriculum for Refractionist Training

 

SCOTLAND

http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2007/01/29163203/1  Part 1 [cover letter]

http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2007/01/29163203/2  Part 2 [purpose and principles]

http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2007/01/29163203/3  Part 3 [competences]

 

UNITED STATES

Each state in the United States adopts its own standards for preparing teachers, and most of those can be accessed through the state’s department of education and/or teacher licensing websites.  Texas (below) is one such example.  In addition, two professional organizations, the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired and the Council for Exceptional Children, have developed their own standards.  There is remarkable similarity among all of these standards.

 

Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

AER’s University Review Program evaluates universities on how well it addresses professional preparation standards for orientation and mobility specialists, teachers, and vision rehabilitation specialists:

https://aerbvi.org/resources/career-center/university-review-program/

 

Council for Exceptional Children

The Council for Exceptional Children is the largest organization of special educators in the United States.  Its teacher standards are the foundation of university accreditation.

 

Initial teacher preparation standards: http://www.cec.sped.org/~/media/Files/Standards/Professional%20Preparation%20Standards/Initial%20Preparation%20Standards%20with%20Explanation.pdf

 

Initial specialty set, Blind and Visually Impaired: http://www.cec.sped.org/~/media/Files/Standards/CEC Initial and Advanced Specialty Sets/Initial Specialty Set Blind and Visual Impairments.pdf

 

Initial Specialty Set, Deafblindness: http://www.cec.sped.org/~/media/Files/Standards/CEC Initial and Advanced Specialty Sets/Initial Specialty Set Deafblindness.pdf

 

Advanced teacher preparation standards: http://www.cec.sped.org/~/media/Files/Standards/Professional%20Preparation%20Standards/Advanced%20Preparation%20Standards%20with%20Explanation.pdf

 

Perkins School for the Blind

Professional Development tutorials: http://www.perkinselearning.org/topics/visual-impairment-and-blindness?gclid=CNTOwc3tjNQCFYc1aQodTFYEyQ

 

Online Classes: http://www.perkinselearning.org/earn-credits/online-class

 

Perkins International Academy: http://www.perkins.org/international/academy

 

Teacher Self-Assessment http://www.teachingvisuallyimpaired.com/uploads/1/4/1/2/14122361/tvi_self_assessment.pdf

 

Texas [one state’s example]: https://www.google.com/search?q=Ireland+teacher+standards+visual+impairment&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8#q=dortmund+teacher+standards+visual+impairment